Manufacturer: General Motors Company, Cadillac Division, Warren, Michigan – USA
Type: DeVille Series 63 / 6389 Park Avenue Sedan
Production time: September 1961 – October 1963
Production outlet: 4,175
Engine: 6384cc GM Cadillac V-8 390
Power: 325 bhp / 4.800 rpm
Torque: 582 Nm / 3.100 rpm
Drivetrain: rear wheels
Speed: 195 km/h
Curb weight: 2273 kg
Wheelbase: 129.5 inch
Chassis: X-frame GM C-platform chassis with all-steel body (by Fisher)
Steering: Saginaw integral powered recirculating ball
Gearbox: GM Controlled Coupling Hydra-Matic four-speed automatic / steering column shift
Clutch: 2 fluid (hydraulic)
Carburettor: Carter AFB downdraft 4-barrel / Rochester 701930 downdraft 4-barrel
Fuel tank: 98 liter
Electric system: Delco Remy 12 Volts 70 Ah
Ignition system: distributor and coil
Brakes front: hydraulic vacuum-boosted 12 inch drums (Moraine or Bendix)
Brakes rear: hydraulic vacuum-boosted 12 inch drums (Moraine or Bendix)
Suspension front: independent ball-joint front A-arms (trapezoidal wishbones), coil springs + hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers
Suspension rear: rubber-mounted strut rods, rubber bushings, sway bar, 4 link lower longitudinal thrust arms, upper stabilizer triangle, coil springs + hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers
Rear axle: live semi-floating type
Differential: hypoid 2.94:1
Wheels: 6.0×15 disc with stainless Cyclone XP74 turbine styled wheelcovers
Tires: 8 x 15
Options: seat belts, trumpet horn, tissue dispenser,rubber mats, air conditioning, cruise control, Autronic Eye, door guards, electric door locks, E-Z-Eye glass, automatic heating system, license plate frame, six-way power seat, power vent windows, a vacuum actuated remote control trunk lock, remote control radio, five white sideqall tire size 8.20×15 four-ply, permanent anti-freeze -20° ($8); -40° ($9), two-tone colouring
– Cadillac was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company when Henry Ford departed along with several of his key partners and the company was dissolved. With the intent of liquidating the firm’s assets, Ford’s financial backers, William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen called in engineer Henry M. Leland to appraise the plant and equipment prior to selling them. Instead, Leland persuaded them to continue the automobile business using Leland’s proven 1-cylinder engine. Henry Ford’s departure required a new name, and on August 22, 1902, the company reformed as the Cadillac Automobile Company.
– The Cadillac automobile was named after the 17th century French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, who founded Detroit in 1701.
– Cadillac was purchased by the General Motors conglomerate in 1909. Cadillac became General Motors’ prestige division, devoted to the production of large luxury vehicles. In the United States, the name became a synonym for "high quality", used in such phrases as "the Cadillac of watches," referring to a Rolex. In English usage outside North America, other brands are used in such phrases – usually Rolls-Royce.
– The Cadillac line was also GM’s default marque for "commercial chassis" institutional vehicles, such as limousines, ambulances, hearses, and funeral home flower cars. The latter three of which were custom built by aftermarket manufacturers: Cadillac does not produce any such vehicles in factory.
– "DeVilles", derived from “De Ville” (French for “town”), has always been GM’s top-selling luxury series and featured class-leading automotive technology.
– Cadillac was the first to use the tailfin on their vehicles (first appeared in 1948), designed by Harley Earl. By 1959, it had grown to very flamboyant proportions.
– The tailfin designs had been inspired by the space program and futuristic spaceflight.
– This third generation Series 63 or 6300 (1960-1963) was designed by Bill Mitchell and has a less prominent “wing party”, but sharper, thinner and very graceful.
– The Series 63 was available as this 4-door Park Avenue Sedan, as 4-door Sedan DeVille 4 Window (51,656 units built), as 4-door Sedan DeVille 6 Window (68,939 units built), as 4-door Town Sedan (1961: 3,756 units built), as 2-door Hardtop Coupé DeVille 4 Window (77,580 units built) and as 2-door Eldorado Biarritz (1962-1963: 3,275 units built).
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