Maserati Mistrale

Maserati Mistrale

Alcantara, Lisbon, Portugal From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maserati Mistral
Bonhams – The Paris Sale 2012 – Maserati Mistral 4000 Spyder – 1966 – 012.jpg
1966 Maserati Mistral Spyder
Overview
ManufacturerMaserati
Also called4000 GT
"Due Posti"
Production1964-1970
DesignerPietro Frua
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer
Body style2-seat GT Coupe and Spyder
ChassisWelded box section
Powertrain
Enginestraight-6
3500 cc 235 bhp @ 5500 rpm
3700 cc 245 bhp @ 5500 rpm
4000 cc 255 bhp @ 5200 rpm
TransmissionZF 5-speed and reverse
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94 in)
Length4,550 mm (179 in)
Width1,675 mm (65.9 in)
Height1,250 mm (49 in)
Curb weight1,430 kg (3,150 lb) (dry)
Chronology
PredecessorMaserati 3500
The Maserati Mistral (Tipo 109), named after a cold northerly wind of southern France, was the successor to the iconic 3500 GT, it was also the first in a series of classic Maseratis to be given the name of a wind. It was offered both in Coupe and Spyder form. 830 coupes and 120 Spyders were built in total. Maggiora of Turin supplied both bodies under contract.

The Mistral is the last model from the "Casa del Tridente" or “House of the Trident” to have the famous straight six cylinder, twin-spark, double overhead cam engine, as fitted to the Maserati 250F Grand Prix cars that won 8 Grand Prix between 1954 and 1960 and one F1 World Championship in 1957 driven by Juan Manuel Fangio. The engine also featured hemispherical combustion chambers and was fed by a Lucas indirect fuel injection system which was novelty at the time for Italian car manufacturers. Although the Lucas fuel injection system enhances performance, quite a few owners, especially in the U.S. have converted their cars to Weber carburetors due to difficulties in tuning the system properly. Maserati subsequently moved on to V8 engines for their later production cars. There were three engine variants fitted to the Mistral; 3500, 3700 and 4,000 cc. The most sought after derivative is the 4000 cc model. Only the earliest of the Mistrals were equipped with the 3500 cc engine. Unusually, the body was offered in both aluminum and steel but no one is quite sure as to how many of each were built. Use of the aluminum body panels had no effect on the performance of the Mistral. The mixture of the aluminum body on a steel substructure can lead to corrosion due to the dissimilar metals. The automobile was standard with a five speed transmission from ZF and also had four wheel solid disc brakes. As was Maserati’s practice at the time the front suspension was independent while the rear made do with a solid axle. Speed for the 3.7 liter engine and the 4.0 liter engine was around 7 seconds or a little better and the top speed was around 140 mph (225 km/h) to 145 mph (233 km/h). When leaving the factory the Maserati Mistral originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres (CN72).

The body which had been designed by Pietro Frua was first shown in a preview at …

Panhard Dyna Berline X 86 120 1952 (6366)

Panhard Dyna Berline X 86 120 1952 (6366)

Manufacturer: Société des Anciens Etablissements Panhard et Levassor, Paris – France
Type: Dyna Berline X 86 120 4CV
Production time: 1950 – 1953
Production outlet: 33,093 (all 4-door Saloon Cars)
Production time: 1948 – 1954 (all Dyna X and K Series)
Production outlet: 47,049 (all Dyna X and K Series)
Engine: 745cc SS3 horizontally-opposed twin cylinder boxer (flat-twin) type air-cooled
Power: 33 bhp / 5.000 rpm
Torque: 57 Nm / 3.000 rpm
Drivetrain: front wheels
Speed: 117 km/h
Curb weight: 645 kg
Wheelbase: 83.5 inch
Chassis: all-steel tubular frame chassis with an aluminum body
Steering: rack and pinion
Gearbox: our-speed manual gearbox with overdive (synchromesh on the upper three gears) / steering column shifter
Clutch: single plate dry disc
Carburettor: Solex 32 PBIC or Zenith 32 IN
Fuel tank: 30 liter
Electric system: 12 Volts by Ducellier or Paris- Rhône
Ignition system: distributor and coil
Brakes front: Bendix hydraulic finned aluminum drums
Brakes rear: Bendix hydraulic finned aluminum drums
Suspension front: independent upper and lower transverse leaf springs + Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers
Suspension rear: semi-independent transverse trailing arms with a V link torsion bar + Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers
Rear axle: rigid axle with three torsion bars on each side
Differential: spiral bevel
Wheels and ires: 135×400

Special:
– The looks were up to date (modern and aerodynamic ), but technically ahead of its time, this Dyna, codenamed “Projekt AF-G (Aluminium Français – Grégoire), designed by engineer Jean-Albert Grégoire, was at first shown (the Panhard X 84) at the 1946 Paris Motor Show.
– The name "Dyna" was selected, a reference to the Panhard Dynamic before the war.
– Increasingly baroque body decoration led to the range being nicknamed "Louis XV".
– Panhard supplier Facel-Métallon, Paris developed a new process to manufacturer its all steel tubular frame chassis and the all aluminum body in pressed sheets.
– Until Ferrari came along with the Ferrari 360 (1999), it was the only production car to feature an all-aluminum chassis.
– The wheels have no hub. They are assembled by "ears" on the aluminum brake drums.
– The Dyna Series were available as this 4-door Berline, as 3-door Commerciale (with fixed side windows), as 3-door Break (with large sliding windows and a rear seat), as 2 -door Découvrable (Convertible), as 2-door Roadster (Dyna X Junior), as Fourgonette (a closed light Van), as 5-door Limousine, as 5-door Taxi and a rare 3-door Canadienne (a closed “Woody Van” (only 1949) and only 25 units built).
– A very special Dyna is Dynavia, a teardrop shape show/ studie model to study the possibilities of streamlining. Only 2 uinits built and only 1 still excists today.
– Citroën had a minority of 25% interest in Panhard since 1955 and took over the P&L Company in 1965 and let the car brand name "vanish" in 1967.

Posted by Le Photiste on 2016-01-05 18:46:32

Tagged: , Clay , Société des Anciens Etablissements Panhard et Levassor, Paris – France , Panhard Dyna Berline X 86 120 , cp , …

Facel Vega FV4 “Typhoon”

Facel Vega FV4

The marque Facel Vega was created in 1954 by Jean Daninos (brother of the humorist Pierre Daninos, who wrote Les Carnets du Major Thompson), although the Facel company had been established by the Bonzavia Company in 1939 as a subcontracting company for the aviations industry. FACEL (Forges et Ateliers de Construction d’Eure-et-Loir, in English: forge and construction workshop of the department of Eure-et-Loir) was initially a metal-stamping company but decided to expand into car manufacturing in the early 1950s. Facel entered the automobile business as a supplier of special bodies for Panhard, Delahaye and Simca.

Small numbers of other special bodied cars such as the Bentley pictured were also made, and Facel made the pillarless coupé bodywork for the Simca/Ford Comète. Around 45,000 Comètes were built, this lucrative contract enabling Facel to market a car of their own.

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Posted by I am Ted7 on 2013-08-04 00:02:19

Tagged: , Facel , Vega , FV4 , Typhoon , HK500 , Facel Vega , Ted7 , iamted7 , Photography , Orange County , California , SoCal , Automotive Photographer , Classic car , Oldtimer , Canon , EOS , 6D , photo shooting , worldcars …

Lagonda Lean

Lagonda Lean

The Aston Martin Lagonda first entered production in 1974, and was designed to be one of the most revolutionary cars ever built, but being revolutionary was something Aston Martin should have had as far off their minds as possible!

When the car was launched, the company had just recovered from bankruptcy, and logically should have been playing things safe to try and recover their losses. But instead, what they did was design a car that was to be the cutting edge of automotive technology.

Designed by William Towns, the intention was to make a car that was so low and smoothly streamlined as was humanly possible. The result was a car that was so low that even when I was kneeling down next to this example it was still lower than me! Although such examples of cars are commonplace amongst Ferrari’s and Lamborghini’s, this car is neither, it’s a 4-door luxury limousine, not a two-door supercar!

But the problems with the Lagonda weren’t just about its low styled body, internally the car was like a substation! To try and be cutting edge, Aston Martin designed the car to be digital in every conceivable way. All readings on the Dashboard were displayed with LED’s rather than analogue needles, and everything was controlled by push-buttons, the kind you’d find on the bridge of the Starship Enterprise!

However, cutting edge does not always guarantee outright success, and the poorly made wiring inside the car meant that none of the electrics ever worked. The problem was then compounded by the fact that fitting the electrics to the car in the first place cost 4 times more than the budget of the entire car! The result was that when the first Lagonda left the factory a year late and thousands of Pounds over budget, the car was simply undrivable because of its faulty electrics.

And just to top off what could already be described as an insanely reckless car, the price tag for it was £50,000. Aston Martin were certainly being optimistic with that price tag, probably expecting to make a fortune off of their angular wonderchild. However, they had forgotten to note that there had just been an oil crisis and the idea of driving a £50,000 car powered by a gas-guzzling 5.3L V8 engine didn’t exactly ring everyone’s bells! The result was that Aston Martin only made 645 of these cars during its 16 year construction run, and not one of them made their money back!

So, Aston Martin, cash strapped and barely working, decided to make a car that had an outrageous design, outrageous electrics, an outrageous price tag and an outrageous engine, and expected to make a profit?

Today, many look back on the Lagonda as one of the most abysmal failures of automotive history, frequently popping up on ‘Worst cars ever made’ lists with other ambitious cars of that era such as the Rolls Royce Camargue. But today there is something of a cult following for these curious and crazy …

Buick Series 40 Special 46 S Model 41 1941 (5891)

Buick Series 40 Special 46 S Model 41 1941 (5891)

Manufacturer: Buick Motor Division / General Motors, Buick Motor Division, Flint, Michigan – USA
Type: Series 40 Special 46 S Model 41
Engine: 4064cc straight-8
Power: 126 bhp / 3.400 rpm
Speed: 130 km/h
Production time: 1941 – 1942
Production outlet: 91,138
Production outlet: 238,618 (all Series 40 Special)
Curb weight: 1762 kg

Special:
– The Series 40 is based on Buicks "Y-Job project" (1938) and designed by Harley J. Earl (Styling Division) and was the automobile industry’s first concept car (the first car built by a mass manufacturer for the sole purpose of determining the public’s reaction to new design ideas).
– The "Y-Job" styling included the vertical waterfall grille design still used by Buick today.
– The ’41 models were again all new, with the front fenders now very closely integrated into the cars overall design.
– Production ended on 4 February 1942.
– It has a Carter Dual Compound carburettor, a three-speed "Wilson Preselect" sliding column controls (shaft drive) or a two-speed automatic gearbox with rear wheel drive.
– The suspension was comprised of semi-elliptic springs and Lovejoy hydraulic shock absorbers.
– Options includes a heater, defroster, radio, special trim, special order Lancaster Gray paint and a leather interior.
– After WWII production restarted with the pre-war B-body (’42 model).
– The name ‘Series 40’ would stick with Buick until 1959, when a new series naming scheme was introduced.

Posted by Le Photiste on 2014-06-04 09:20:56

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