Cadillac DeVille Convertible 1970 (0249)

Cadillac DeVille Convertible 1970 (0249)

Manufacturer: General Motors Company, Cadillac Division, Warren, Michigan – USA
Type: DeVille Series 68300 / 68367 2-door Convertible
Production time: September 1969 – September 1970
Production outlet: 15,172
Production time: January 1965 – September 1970
Production outlet: 106,242
Engine: 7729cc GM Cadillac V-8 472 OHV I-Head
Power: 375 bhp / 4.400 rpm
Torque: 711 Nm / 3.000 rpm
Drivetrain: rear wheels
Speed: 206 km/h
Curb weight: 2270 kg
Wheelbase: 129.5 inch
Chassis: GM C-platform perimeter X- frame with box beams and trusses and all-steel unibody (by Fisher)
Steering: Saginaw integral hydraulic powered variable ratio recirculating ball (PAS)
Gearbox: GM Turbo Hydramatic THM-400 three-speed automatic transmission / steering column shift
Clutch: not applicable
Carburettor: Rochester 4MV 4-barrel
Fuel tank: 98.5 liter
Electric system: Delco-Remy 12 Volts 74 Ah
Ignition system: distributor and coil
Brakes front: 11.9 inch power duo-servo discs
Brakes rear: 12 inch power duo-servo self-adjusting drums (Moraine or Bendix)
Suspension front: independent ball-joint front A-arms, upper trapezoid stabilizer triangle wishbones, lower longitudinal thrust struts, lower single crosslink, sway bar, helical coils + hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers
Suspension rear: 4 link lower longitudinal thrust arms, upper stabilizer triangle, rubber-mounted strut rods, rubber bushings, sway bar, upper differential brackets, helical coils + hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers
Rear axle: live semi-floating type
Differential: hypoid 2.93:1
Wheels: 6JK x 15 Kelsey Hayes slotted discs
Tires: L78 x 15 tubeless
Options: automatic level control, power windows, factory Air Conditioning, Automatic Climate Controls, speed control device, tilt telescope steering wheel, factory Cadillac Wonderbar AM/FM Stereo pushbutton radio, power antenna, non-glare rear-view mirror, electric clock, power vent windows, headrests, reclining seats, front seats with carbon cloth heating pads built into the cushions and seatbacks, rear cigarette lighters, two-tone colouring

Special:
– Cadillac was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company when Henry Ford departed along with several of his key partners and the company was dissolved. With the intent of liquidating the firm’s assets, Ford’s financial backers, William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen called in engineer Henry M. Leland to appraise the plant and equipment prior to selling them. Instead, Leland persuaded them to continue the automobile business using Leland’s proven 1-cylinder engine. Henry Ford’s departure required a new name, and on August 22, 1902, the company reformed as the Cadillac Automobile Company.
– The Cadillac automobile was named after the 17th century French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, who founded Detroit in 1701.
– Cadillac was purchased by the General Motors conglomerate in 1909. Cadillac became General Motors’ prestige division, devoted to the production of large luxury vehicles. In the United States, the name became a synonym for "high quality", used in such phrases as "the Cadillac of watches," referring to a Rolex. In English usage outside North America, other brands are used in such phrases – usually Rolls-Royce.
– The Cadillac line was also GM’s default marque for "commercial chassis" institutional vehicles, such as limousines, ambulances, hearses, and funeral home flower cars. The latter three of which were custom …

Ford Model T Touring Type T1 1914 (2642)

Ford Model T Touring Type T1 1914 (2642)

Manufacturer: Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Michigan – U.S.A.
Type: Model T Touring Type T1
Production time: 1908 – 1914
Production outlet: 165,832 (1914: all Touring models)
Production outlet: 202,667 (1914: all models)
Production outlet: 15,458,781 (1908-1927: all models)
Engine: 2896cc straight-4 Ford 177 CID Vertical L-head, L-block, side valves flathead
Power: 20 bhp / 1.600 rpm
Drivetrain: rear wheels
Speed: 68 km/h
Curb weight: 700 kg
Wheelbase: 100 inch
Chassis: lead frame made of riveted U-steel profiles on a wooden skeleton with separate metal planking body
Steering: planetary epicyclic gear
Gearbox: manual two-speed planetary unit with a magneto located in front of the flywheel (this magneto supplied ignition current generated in a set of stationary coils)
Clutch: multiple dry plate disc
Carburettor: Ford
Fuel tank: 38 liter (case fuel system: gravity type, no pump)
Electric system: 6 Volts
Ignition system: single trembler coil
Brakes front: non
Brakes rear: hand-operated mechanical external contracting drums
Brakes: external braking on the driveshaft
Suspension front: rigid axle, cross two push rods, transversely mounted semi-elliptical springs
Suspension rear: rigid axle, two cast housing halves which accommodate the differential gear and the two drive shafts, cross two push rods, transverse leaf springs
Rear axle: live semi-floating type
Differential: spiral bevel 3.64:1
Wheels: wooden Artillery type
Tires front: 30 x 3 pneumatic clincher type
Tires raer: 30 x 3½ pneumatic clincher type
Options: "Rocky Mountain Brakes" (external band brakes only on the rear axle), balloon tires with steel wires reinforcing the tire bead (from 1925), steel welded-spoke wheels available in 1926 and 1927

Special:
– On October 1, 1908, the company introduced the successful Ford Model T (also known as Tin Lizzie, Tin Lizzy, T‑Model Ford, Model T or T), designed by Childe Harold Wills, Joseph A. Galamb and Eugene Farkas.
– At first assembled in Piquette plant and from 1910 in the Highland Park plant.
– It was Fords first mass production car (instead of individual hand crafting). The chassis was drawn by workers on a carriage trough the factory. Later, the sleds were replaced by carts on rails and mechanically drawn ("electric lines").
– This was not the first production line with completely interchangeable parts ever (that was Olds Motor Works, Lansing, Michigan – USA with the Model R Curved Dash), but it was the first time an entire plant worked with this system.
– The bodies were still from other manufacturers until 1919, notably OJ Beaudette and Kelsey.
– It was America’s first automobile with standard left hand steering, while driving on the right was "the right way".
– The Ts in-line engine was the first engine with a removable cylinder head.
– The parking brake works on the tie rods to the drum brakes on the rear axle.
– The Model T’s built prior to 1919 were supplied with non-demountable wheels. This meant that if a flat tire occurred, the tire had to be removed from the rim and a new tube installed. In 1919, demountable wheels were available which allowed for a …

Chevrolet Bel Air Sedan 1975 (5884)

Chevrolet Bel Air Sedan 1975 (5884)

Manufacturer: Chevrolet Division of General Motors LLC, Detroit – U.S.A.
Type: Bel Air Series 1BK model 1K69 4-door Sedan
Production time: September 1974 – September 1975
Production outlet: 13,168
Engine: 5733cc GM Chevrolet L65 (Small-Block V-8 350)
Power: 145 bhp / 3.800 rpm
Torque: 339 Nm / 2.200 rpm
Drivetrain: rear wheel drive
Speed: 165 km/h
Curb weight: 2025 kg
Wheelbase: 121.5 inch
Chassis: GM B-platform box frame with crossbars and all-steel unibody (by Fisher)
Steering: ball-race servo control variable-ratio power
Gearbox: GM Turbo Hydramatic three-speed automatic transmission / steering column shift
Clutch: not applicable
Carburettor: Rochester 2GV dual downdraft
Fuel tank: 98 liter
Electric system: distributor and coil
Ignition system: 12 Volts 61 Ah
Brakes front: 11.86 inch servo-assisted hydraulic discs
Brakes rear: 11 inch hydraulic self-adjusting drums
Suspension front: independent ball joint, Cross-link with elastically mounted tension strut, upper trapezoid triangle cross-bars, lower single cross-bars, sway bar, coil springs +
Suspension rear: beam axle, coil link system, posterior longitudinal axis with helical springs, lower longitudinal guide arms and upper differential slanting braces +
Rear axle: live semi-floating type
Differential: hypoid 3.08:1
Wheels: 6K – 15 inch steel discs
Tires: HR78 x 15B
Options: 6573cc GM Chevrolet Small-Block V-8 400 petrol engine, 7443cc GM Chevrolet L-series 454 V-8 (big-block) petrol engine, power windows, power brakes, power seats, 50/50 reclining passenger seat, power door locks, power trunk opener, comfort-tilt steering wheel, adjustable steering wheel, remote control outside rear view mirrors, AM/FM Stereo radio with tape system, rear seat speaker, Four-Season Air Conditioning, Soft-Ray tinted glass, intermittent windshield whiper system, rear window defogger, auxiliary lighting, econominder gauge package, Cruise-Master speed control, custom DeLuxe seat belts, DeLuxe wheel covers, Rally wheels, body side molding, white stripe steel-belted radial ply tires, DeLuxe bumpers, bumper guards, colour-keyed floor mats

Special:
– Chevrolet was co-founded by Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant. Louis Chevrolet was a race-car driver, born on December 25, 1878, in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland. William Durant, founder of General Motors, had been forced out of GM in 1910 and wanted to use Louis Chevrolet’s designs to rebuild his own reputation as a force in the automobile industry. As head of Buick Motor Company, prior to founding GM, Durant had hired Chevrolet to drive Buicks in promotional races.
– By 1916 Chevrolet was profitable enough to allow Durant to buy a majority of shares in GM. After the deal was completed in 1917, Durant was president of General Motors and Chevrolet was merged into GM, becoming a separate division.
– When the Biscayne was discontinued after 1972, the Bel Air was demoted to the low-level model.
– This seventh generation Bel Air (1971-1975) was the last production Series of the Bel Air in the USA.
– Canada introduced the eighth generation Bel Air (1977-1981), being a Canadian market-only 2-door Hardtop: the Bel Air Sport Coupé, based on the Impala Sport Coupé assembled in Baltimore, Maryland (USA), Flint, Michigan (USA) and in Oshawa, Ontario (Canada).
– In 2002, a concept Bel Air …