Citroën 11CV Traction Avant 11BL 1953 (8559)

Citroën 11CV Traction Avant 11BL 1953 (8559)

Manufacturer: Citroën S.A., Groupe PSA Peugeot Citroën, Saint-Ouen – France
Type: 11CV Traction Avant
Engine: 1911cc straight-4
Power: 56 bhp / 3.800 rpm
Speed: 118 km/h
Production time: 1939 – 1957
Production time: 1934 – 1957 (all TA’s)
Production outlet: 248,597
Production outlet: 759,111 (all TA’s)
Curb weight: 1100 kg

Special:
– The Traction Avant is designed by André Lefèbvre (spiritual father) and Flaminio Bertoni (final design) and was the first mass produced front drive and fully welded unibody construction car in the world.
– The original plan was to built the TA with an automatic gearbox. The first generation automatic gearboxes had "big troubles" and was nicknamed "Friteuse" (‘Fryer’), because it boiled constantly the oil in it.
– The engineers cobbled together (emergency measure and redesigned within three weeks!) a manual three-speed gearbox (column/dash shift), hardly fitted in the original housing of the automatic transmission. It remained the TA’s weak spot.
– It also has independently suspended front wheels and suspension by torsion bars, hydraulic brakes (Lockheed system) and from 1936 rack and pinion steering.
– The engines were equipped with overhead valves, very progressive for its time, with wet, replaceable cylinder bushes.
– Although the ingenious structure dating from 1934, it remained in production until 1957. And not because there was no successor (DS 1955), but simply because there were still too many "supporters" of this vehicle.
– It could be delivered as "7CV’, 11BL "Légère" (as Sedan, Cabrio and Faux-Cabrio), 11BN "Normale" ((as Sedan, Cabrio en Faux-Cabrio), 11BC "Commerciale" (with large tailgate), 11BF "Familiale" (with six side windows and folding chairs ("strapontins"), "Limousine" (without folding chairs), 15/6F, 15/6C (6 cylinder luxury versions) with a trunk or a spare wheel at the back.
– The 7-series is produced until 1939.
– Coupes and Convertibles were only built before WWII.
– During the 23 years of production, the war years included, only a few notable changes to the Traction Avant were applied. The most conspicuous is the modification of July 1952, when the spare wheel disappeared under the trunk instead of the familiar ‘wheel’ back.
– On that occasion the windscreen wipers moved to the bottom of the windshield and bumpers became the straihgt rather than the graceful "mustaches" ​​of yesteryear.
– Technically only small modifications were made, but never drastic, for instance compression ratio of the engine by improving petrol.
– To the urgent call of many customers to a more robust gearbox with four clutches, to a less susceptible driveshafts and a more robust and less complicated front suspension was never given a call by Citroën. They were interested in improving the TA. Only in developing their models of the future: the 2CV (1948) and the DS (1955).
– The Traction Avants were produced in Paris (France), in Cologne (Germany), Copenhagen (Denmark), in Vorst (Belgium) and in Slough (United Kingdom, right-hand drive).
– Some prototypes with 22CV (100 bhp) V8 engines were exhibited at the Paris Motor Show in October 1934. Citroën had a dozen of these …

Citroën 11CV Traction Avant 1955 (5832)

Citroën 11CV Traction Avant 1955 (5832)

Producer: Citroën S.A., Groupe PSA Peugeot Citroën, Saint-Ouen – France
Variety: 11CV Traction Avant
Engine: 1911cc straight-4
Electrical power: fifty six bhp / three.800 rpm
Pace: 118 km/h
Production time: 1939 – 1957
Production time: 1934 – 1957 (all TA’s)
Production outlet: 248,597
Production outlet: 759,111 (all TA’s)
Curb excess weight: 1110 kg

Particular:
– The Traction Avant is made by André Lefèbvre (spiritual father) and Flaminio Bertoni (remaining design and style) and was the initial mass generated front drive and fully welded unibody building vehicle in the world.
– The first prepare was to developed the TA with an computerized gearbox. The initial generation computerized gearboxes experienced “big problems” and was nicknamed “Friteuse” (‘Fryer’), because it boiled continually the oil in it.
– The engineers cobbled jointly (emergency measure and redesigned inside three weeks!) a handbook three-velocity gearbox (column/dash change), rarely fitted in the first housing of the computerized transmission. It remained the TA’s weak location.
– It also has independently suspended front wheels and suspension by torsion bars, hydraulic brakes (Lockheed procedure) and from 1936 rack and pinion steering.
– The engines have been outfitted with overhead valves, pretty progressive for its time, with damp, replaceable cylinder bushes.
– While the ingenious composition dating from 1934, it remained in manufacturing until 1957. And not because there was no successor (DS 1955), but merely because there have been continue to far too lots of “supporters” of this vehicle.
– It could be sent as “7CV’, 11BL “Légère” (as Sedan, Cabrio and Faux-Cabrio), 11BN “Normale” (as Sedan, Cabrio en Faux-Cabrio), 11BC “Commerciale” (with massive tailgate), 11BF “Familiale” (with six aspect home windows and folding chairs (“strapontins”), “Limousine” (without folding chairs), 15/6F, 15/6C (six cylinder luxury variations) with a trunk or a spare wheel at the back.
– The 7-collection is generated until 1939.
– Coupes and Convertibles have been only developed just before WWII.
– All through the 23 several years of manufacturing, the war several years incorporated, only a several notable alterations to the Traction Avant have been used. The most conspicuous is the modification of July 1952, when the spare wheel disappeared less than the trunk as a substitute of the common ‘wheel’ back.
– On that occasion the windscreen wipers moved to the bottom of the windshield and bumpers grew to become the straihgt instead than the sleek “mustaches” ​​of yesteryear.
– Technically only modest modifications have been manufactured, but in no way drastic, for instance compression ratio of the motor by enhancing petrol.
– To the urgent simply call of lots of shoppers to a a lot more sturdy gearbox with four clutches, to a much less inclined driveshafts and a a lot more sturdy and much less intricate front suspension was in no way presented a simply call by Citroën. They have been fascinated in enhancing the TA. Only in developing their types of the upcoming: the 2CV (1948) and the DS (1955).
– The Traction Avants have been generated in Paris (France), in Cologne …