Chevrolet Bel Air Sedan 1975 (5884)

Chevrolet Bel Air Sedan 1975 (5884)

Manufacturer: Chevrolet Division of General Motors LLC, Detroit – U.S.A.
Type: Bel Air Series 1BK model 1K69 4-door Sedan
Production time: September 1974 – September 1975
Production outlet: 13,168
Engine: 5733cc GM Chevrolet L65 (Small-Block V-8 350)
Power: 145 bhp / 3.800 rpm
Torque: 339 Nm / 2.200 rpm
Drivetrain: rear wheel drive
Speed: 165 km/h
Curb weight: 2025 kg
Wheelbase: 121.5 inch
Chassis: GM B-platform box frame with crossbars and all-steel unibody (by Fisher)
Steering: ball-race servo control variable-ratio power
Gearbox: GM Turbo Hydramatic three-speed automatic transmission / steering column shift
Clutch: not applicable
Carburettor: Rochester 2GV dual downdraft
Fuel tank: 98 liter
Electric system: distributor and coil
Ignition system: 12 Volts 61 Ah
Brakes front: 11.86 inch servo-assisted hydraulic discs
Brakes rear: 11 inch hydraulic self-adjusting drums
Suspension front: independent ball joint, Cross-link with elastically mounted tension strut, upper trapezoid triangle cross-bars, lower single cross-bars, sway bar, coil springs +
Suspension rear: beam axle, coil link system, posterior longitudinal axis with helical springs, lower longitudinal guide arms and upper differential slanting braces +
Rear axle: live semi-floating type
Differential: hypoid 3.08:1
Wheels: 6K – 15 inch steel discs
Tires: HR78 x 15B
Options: 6573cc GM Chevrolet Small-Block V-8 400 petrol engine, 7443cc GM Chevrolet L-series 454 V-8 (big-block) petrol engine, power windows, power brakes, power seats, 50/50 reclining passenger seat, power door locks, power trunk opener, comfort-tilt steering wheel, adjustable steering wheel, remote control outside rear view mirrors, AM/FM Stereo radio with tape system, rear seat speaker, Four-Season Air Conditioning, Soft-Ray tinted glass, intermittent windshield whiper system, rear window defogger, auxiliary lighting, econominder gauge package, Cruise-Master speed control, custom DeLuxe seat belts, DeLuxe wheel covers, Rally wheels, body side molding, white stripe steel-belted radial ply tires, DeLuxe bumpers, bumper guards, colour-keyed floor mats

Special:
– Chevrolet was co-founded by Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant. Louis Chevrolet was a race-car driver, born on December 25, 1878, in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland. William Durant, founder of General Motors, had been forced out of GM in 1910 and wanted to use Louis Chevrolet’s designs to rebuild his own reputation as a force in the automobile industry. As head of Buick Motor Company, prior to founding GM, Durant had hired Chevrolet to drive Buicks in promotional races.
– By 1916 Chevrolet was profitable enough to allow Durant to buy a majority of shares in GM. After the deal was completed in 1917, Durant was president of General Motors and Chevrolet was merged into GM, becoming a separate division.
– When the Biscayne was discontinued after 1972, the Bel Air was demoted to the low-level model.
– This seventh generation Bel Air (1971-1975) was the last production Series of the Bel Air in the USA.
– Canada introduced the eighth generation Bel Air (1977-1981), being a Canadian market-only 2-door Hardtop: the Bel Air Sport Coupé, based on the Impala Sport Coupé assembled in Baltimore, Maryland (USA), Flint, Michigan (USA) and in Oshawa, Ontario (Canada).
– In 2002, a concept Bel Air …

Citroën 11CV Traction Avant 11BL 1953 (8559)

Citroën 11CV Traction Avant 11BL 1953 (8559)

Manufacturer: Citroën S.A., Groupe PSA Peugeot Citroën, Saint-Ouen – France
Type: 11CV Traction Avant
Engine: 1911cc straight-4
Power: 56 bhp / 3.800 rpm
Speed: 118 km/h
Production time: 1939 – 1957
Production time: 1934 – 1957 (all TA’s)
Production outlet: 248,597
Production outlet: 759,111 (all TA’s)
Curb weight: 1100 kg

Special:
– The Traction Avant is designed by André Lefèbvre (spiritual father) and Flaminio Bertoni (final design) and was the first mass produced front drive and fully welded unibody construction car in the world.
– The original plan was to built the TA with an automatic gearbox. The first generation automatic gearboxes had "big troubles" and was nicknamed "Friteuse" (‘Fryer’), because it boiled constantly the oil in it.
– The engineers cobbled together (emergency measure and redesigned within three weeks!) a manual three-speed gearbox (column/dash shift), hardly fitted in the original housing of the automatic transmission. It remained the TA’s weak spot.
– It also has independently suspended front wheels and suspension by torsion bars, hydraulic brakes (Lockheed system) and from 1936 rack and pinion steering.
– The engines were equipped with overhead valves, very progressive for its time, with wet, replaceable cylinder bushes.
– Although the ingenious structure dating from 1934, it remained in production until 1957. And not because there was no successor (DS 1955), but simply because there were still too many "supporters" of this vehicle.
– It could be delivered as "7CV’, 11BL "Légère" (as Sedan, Cabrio and Faux-Cabrio), 11BN "Normale" ((as Sedan, Cabrio en Faux-Cabrio), 11BC "Commerciale" (with large tailgate), 11BF "Familiale" (with six side windows and folding chairs ("strapontins"), "Limousine" (without folding chairs), 15/6F, 15/6C (6 cylinder luxury versions) with a trunk or a spare wheel at the back.
– The 7-series is produced until 1939.
– Coupes and Convertibles were only built before WWII.
– During the 23 years of production, the war years included, only a few notable changes to the Traction Avant were applied. The most conspicuous is the modification of July 1952, when the spare wheel disappeared under the trunk instead of the familiar ‘wheel’ back.
– On that occasion the windscreen wipers moved to the bottom of the windshield and bumpers became the straihgt rather than the graceful "mustaches" ​​of yesteryear.
– Technically only small modifications were made, but never drastic, for instance compression ratio of the engine by improving petrol.
– To the urgent call of many customers to a more robust gearbox with four clutches, to a less susceptible driveshafts and a more robust and less complicated front suspension was never given a call by Citroën. They were interested in improving the TA. Only in developing their models of the future: the 2CV (1948) and the DS (1955).
– The Traction Avants were produced in Paris (France), in Cologne (Germany), Copenhagen (Denmark), in Vorst (Belgium) and in Slough (United Kingdom, right-hand drive).
– Some prototypes with 22CV (100 bhp) V8 engines were exhibited at the Paris Motor Show in October 1934. Citroën had a dozen of these …

Maserati Mistrale

Maserati Mistrale

Alcantara, Lisbon, Portugal From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maserati Mistral
Bonhams – The Paris Sale 2012 – Maserati Mistral 4000 Spyder – 1966 – 012.jpg
1966 Maserati Mistral Spyder
Overview
ManufacturerMaserati
Also called4000 GT
"Due Posti"
Production1964-1970
DesignerPietro Frua
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer
Body style2-seat GT Coupe and Spyder
ChassisWelded box section
Powertrain
Enginestraight-6
3500 cc 235 bhp @ 5500 rpm
3700 cc 245 bhp @ 5500 rpm
4000 cc 255 bhp @ 5200 rpm
TransmissionZF 5-speed and reverse
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94 in)
Length4,550 mm (179 in)
Width1,675 mm (65.9 in)
Height1,250 mm (49 in)
Curb weight1,430 kg (3,150 lb) (dry)
Chronology
PredecessorMaserati 3500
The Maserati Mistral (Tipo 109), named after a cold northerly wind of southern France, was the successor to the iconic 3500 GT, it was also the first in a series of classic Maseratis to be given the name of a wind. It was offered both in Coupe and Spyder form. 830 coupes and 120 Spyders were built in total. Maggiora of Turin supplied both bodies under contract.

The Mistral is the last model from the "Casa del Tridente" or “House of the Trident” to have the famous straight six cylinder, twin-spark, double overhead cam engine, as fitted to the Maserati 250F Grand Prix cars that won 8 Grand Prix between 1954 and 1960 and one F1 World Championship in 1957 driven by Juan Manuel Fangio. The engine also featured hemispherical combustion chambers and was fed by a Lucas indirect fuel injection system which was novelty at the time for Italian car manufacturers. Although the Lucas fuel injection system enhances performance, quite a few owners, especially in the U.S. have converted their cars to Weber carburetors due to difficulties in tuning the system properly. Maserati subsequently moved on to V8 engines for their later production cars. There were three engine variants fitted to the Mistral; 3500, 3700 and 4,000 cc. The most sought after derivative is the 4000 cc model. Only the earliest of the Mistrals were equipped with the 3500 cc engine. Unusually, the body was offered in both aluminum and steel but no one is quite sure as to how many of each were built. Use of the aluminum body panels had no effect on the performance of the Mistral. The mixture of the aluminum body on a steel substructure can lead to corrosion due to the dissimilar metals. The automobile was standard with a five speed transmission from ZF and also had four wheel solid disc brakes. As was Maserati’s practice at the time the front suspension was independent while the rear made do with a solid axle. Speed for the 3.7 liter engine and the 4.0 liter engine was around 7 seconds or a little better and the top speed was around 140 mph (225 km/h) to 145 mph (233 km/h). When leaving the factory the Maserati Mistral originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres (CN72).

The body which had been designed by Pietro Frua was first shown in a preview at …

Citroen 7 CV

Citroen 7 CV

MotorClássico, Lisbon, Portugal

in Wikipedia

Traction Avant monocoque

Entrance torsion bar suspension

The Traction Avant, French for “front wheel push”, was developed by André Lefèbvre and Flaminio Bertoni in late 1933 / early 1934. Though not the very first manufacturing front wheel push car or truck – Alvis crafted the 1928 FWD in the British isles, Cord manufactured the L29 from 1929 to 1932 in the United States and DKW the F1 in 1931 in Germany – it was the world’s very first front-wheel push metal monocoque manufacturing car or truck. Along with DKW’s nineteen thirties products, the Traction efficiently pioneered front-wheel push on the European mass car or truck market place.

The Traction Avant’s structure was a welded monocoque (unitized physique). Most other cars of the period had been based mostly on a separate frame (chassis) onto which the non-structural physique (“coachwork”) was crafted. Monocoque development (also referred to as Device Overall body or “Unibody” in the US currently) effects in a lighter auto, and is now utilized for practically all car or truck development, while physique-on-frame development stays suited for greater vehicles this sort of as trucks.
This technique of development was seen with wonderful suspicion in many quarters, with doubts about its strength. A style of crash test was conceived, using the form of driving the car or truck off a cliff, to illustrate its wonderful inherent resilience.

The novel layout manufactured the car or truck very small-slung relative to its contemporaries – the Traction Avant constantly possessed a exceptional glance, which went from showing rakish in 1934 to common and fairly outdated fashioned by 1955.

The suspension was very superior for the car’s period. The front wheels had been independently sprung, using a torsion bar and wishbone suspension arrangement,[three] where by most contemporaries utilized stay axle and cart-style leaf spring models. The rear suspension was a basic metal beam axle and a Panhard rod, trailing arms and torsion bars connected to a three-inch (seventy six mm) metal tube, which in convert was bolted to the monocoque.

Given that it was substantially lighter than regular models of the period, it was able of a hundred km/h (62 mph), and consumed gas only at the amount of ten litres for every a hundred kilometres (28 mpg-imp 24 mpg-US).

Variants

Cabriolet

Traction Avant rear

1937 7C Coupe Traction Avant

A French “familiale” eleven F 1954, 6 windows, 9 seats

Citroën eleven Commerciale 5-door

Traction Avant rears. The boot was lengthened and its volume doubled in Autumn 1952.[four]
The first product, which was presented on eighteen April 1934, was a little saloon with a one,303 cc (seventy nine.5 cu in) motor. This product was referred to as the 7A, which was succeeded in June 1934 by the 7B with a higher-electric power motor of one,529 cc (93.three cu in). The 7B in convert, was succeeded in October 1934 by the 7C with an even higher-output one,628 cc (99.three cu in) motor. Later products had been the eleven (released in November …

Citroën 11CV Traction Avant 1955 (5832)

Citroën 11CV Traction Avant 1955 (5832)

Producer: Citroën S.A., Groupe PSA Peugeot Citroën, Saint-Ouen – France
Variety: 11CV Traction Avant
Engine: 1911cc straight-4
Electrical power: fifty six bhp / three.800 rpm
Pace: 118 km/h
Production time: 1939 – 1957
Production time: 1934 – 1957 (all TA’s)
Production outlet: 248,597
Production outlet: 759,111 (all TA’s)
Curb excess weight: 1110 kg

Particular:
– The Traction Avant is made by André Lefèbvre (spiritual father) and Flaminio Bertoni (remaining design and style) and was the initial mass generated front drive and fully welded unibody building vehicle in the world.
– The first prepare was to developed the TA with an computerized gearbox. The initial generation computerized gearboxes experienced “big problems” and was nicknamed “Friteuse” (‘Fryer’), because it boiled continually the oil in it.
– The engineers cobbled jointly (emergency measure and redesigned inside three weeks!) a handbook three-velocity gearbox (column/dash change), rarely fitted in the first housing of the computerized transmission. It remained the TA’s weak location.
– It also has independently suspended front wheels and suspension by torsion bars, hydraulic brakes (Lockheed procedure) and from 1936 rack and pinion steering.
– The engines have been outfitted with overhead valves, pretty progressive for its time, with damp, replaceable cylinder bushes.
– While the ingenious composition dating from 1934, it remained in manufacturing until 1957. And not because there was no successor (DS 1955), but merely because there have been continue to far too lots of “supporters” of this vehicle.
– It could be sent as “7CV’, 11BL “Légère” (as Sedan, Cabrio and Faux-Cabrio), 11BN “Normale” (as Sedan, Cabrio en Faux-Cabrio), 11BC “Commerciale” (with massive tailgate), 11BF “Familiale” (with six aspect home windows and folding chairs (“strapontins”), “Limousine” (without folding chairs), 15/6F, 15/6C (six cylinder luxury variations) with a trunk or a spare wheel at the back.
– The 7-collection is generated until 1939.
– Coupes and Convertibles have been only developed just before WWII.
– All through the 23 several years of manufacturing, the war several years incorporated, only a several notable alterations to the Traction Avant have been used. The most conspicuous is the modification of July 1952, when the spare wheel disappeared less than the trunk as a substitute of the common ‘wheel’ back.
– On that occasion the windscreen wipers moved to the bottom of the windshield and bumpers grew to become the straihgt instead than the sleek “mustaches” ​​of yesteryear.
– Technically only modest modifications have been manufactured, but in no way drastic, for instance compression ratio of the motor by enhancing petrol.
– To the urgent simply call of lots of shoppers to a a lot more sturdy gearbox with four clutches, to a much less inclined driveshafts and a a lot more sturdy and much less intricate front suspension was in no way presented a simply call by Citroën. They have been fascinated in enhancing the TA. Only in developing their types of the upcoming: the 2CV (1948) and the DS (1955).
– The Traction Avants have been generated in Paris (France), in Cologne …