The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the opening of the San Francisco Bay into the Pacific Ocean. As part of both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1, the structure links the city of San Francisco, on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula, to Marin County. It is one of the most internationally recognized symbols of San Francisco, California, and the United States. It has been declared one of the modern Wonders of the World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The Frommer’s travel guide considers the Golden Gate Bridge "possibly the most beautiful, certainly the most photographed bridge in the world".
The bridge faced opposition, including litigation, from many sources. The Department of War was concerned that the bridge would interfere with ship traffic; the navy feared that a ship collision or sabotage to the bridge could block the entrance to one of its main harbors. Unions demanded guarantees that local workers would be favored for construction jobs. Southern Pacific Railroad, one of the most powerful business interests in California, opposed the bridge as competition to its ferry fleet and filed a lawsuit against the project, leading to a mass boycott of the ferry service.
An ally of the bridge was the fledgling automobile industry, which supported the development of roads and bridges to increase demand for automobiles.
Construction began on January 5, 1933 and was completed in April 1937. The project cost more than $35 million.
With the death of Jack Balestreri in April 2012, all workers involved in the original construction are now deceased.
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