The global car industry is changing and evolving. What are the key trends and implications? Mike Sweeney discusses the nature of changes in the British car industry, how the industry impacts on the UK economy and makes an assessment of the global car industry’s future, with the emergence of competition and change which crosses national boundaries.
The production version of the GT-R debuted at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show, launching in the Japanese market on December 6, 2007. The U.S. official launch was 7 months later on July 07, 2008. Universal Nissan in Los Angeles provided a customer with the delivery of a new GT-R, fresh from the production line at 12:01 a.m., on July 7, 2008. The Canadian launch was also in July 2008. Europe became the third consumer market, where it launched late in the year. The large disparity in initial marketing between these regional releases is due to Nissan having to build GT-R performance centers where the car is serviced. Also the engine and rear-mounted dual-clutch gearbox are built by hand, thus limiting production to around 1000 cars a month.
The Nissan GT-R is powered by the VR38DETT engine, a 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) DOHC V6. Two parallel Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries (IHI) turbochargers provide forced induction. Production vehicles produce a manufacturer-claimed engine output of 480 bhp (360 kW) at 6400 rpm and 434 lb·ft (588 N·m) at 3200-5200 rpm. According to independent dynamometer tests, the GT-R produces 416 hp (310 kW) to 475 hp (354 kW) and 414 lb·ft (561 N·m) to 457 lb·ft (620 N·m) at the wheels. The engine also meets California Air Resources Board Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV) standards. A curb weight of 1,730 kg (3,800 lb) or 1,736 kg (3,830 lb) with side curtain airbags is achieved using a jig welded steel chassis with aluminum used for the hood, trunk, and doors. A rear mounted 6 speed dual clutch semi-automatic transmission is used in conjunction with the ATTESA E-TS system to provide power to all four wheels and along with Nissan’s Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC-R) aids in stability. Three shift modes can also be selected for various conditions. The drag coefficient is 0.27.
Displacement: V6 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in)
Horsepower: 480 bhp (360 kW) at 6400 rpm*
Torque: 430 lb·ft (580 N·m)*
Twin Turbo maximum boost: 17.8 psi (123 kPa)*
Redline: 7000 rpm
Drivetrain: Premium Midship AWD
Curb weight: estimated 3,800 lb (1,700 kg)*
Production: 2500 units per year (US)
Price: US$76,840 to US$79,090
Top Speed: 193 mph (311 km/h)*
* manufacturer claimed
Nissan claims the GT-R can reach a top speed of 192 mph (309 km/h), Motor Trend recorded a top speed of 195.0 mph (313.8 km/h). It has been tested to achieve 0-60 mph (97 km/h) times as low as 3.2 seconds with "launch control" and 3.9 seconds without (improved to 3.5 seconds in models produced since March 2009). Nissan’s chief vehicle engineer Kazutoshi Mizuno has indicated that he has never used the term "launch control", which refers to the act of turning off vehicle dynamic control (VDC) and launch the car at around 4500 rpm. The GT-R user’s manual states that turning off the VDC is only meant for escaping low-traction situations such as mud or snow, and that damage to the transmission is not covered under …
Bikes have been ruling the automobile sector in India for more than 50 years now and are a favorite among young men for the look, style and speed it has. Apart for these, there are many advantages of having a bike in India. For example, it gives you the space to move in an extremely congested road. Moreover, you can use a bike to travel even on the very narrow roads with ease. Roads in India are full of bikes and while these are a passion for some, they are used for a number of practical purposes.
In the year 1955, reliable motorcycles were needed by the Indian Government suitable for its police and Army for patrolling the country’s border highways. This is when the first batch of 350cc Bullet was received and assembled in Madras (currently known as Chennai). Since then, India bikes have become the major segment in the two-wheeler industry.
Most of the leading India bike manufacturers get bike parts made in India itself. However, the latest designs and styles are quite similar to the ones which are manufactured internationally. Bikes which are made in India are especially designed for the Indian roads and have indicators that show increase mileage and maximum throttle. There are many different types of bikes that you can find on the Indian roads. You can find sports bikes, E-bikes, economy bikes and bikes that are suitable for all age groups.
You can find detailed information on different types of Indian bikes on a number of websites. With various types of bikes available on the Indian market, the two-wheeler industry has something to suit every individual’s taste. With leading bike manufacturers such as Bajaj, Hero Honda and Yamaha, the main concern is to provide comfortable and efficient bikes. You can find a lot of information about bike manufacturers, latest bikes launched and their features just be searching on the internet. Moreover, you can also compare different models along with their prices and specifications.
With a constant growth in the economy, a large number of people including women are turning to bikes. People who own cars are also purchasing bikes as it helps them move quickly on congested roads. Middle class families in India are able to afford a bike today as this option is economical, cost-effective and fuel-efficient. Manufacturers of bikes in India are in constant competition to launch the next best bike and many of them have been successful in doing so. With the introduction of innovative features and special technology, the Indian two-wheeler market potential has increased even further.…
Scott from Massey High School loves tinkering with cars so the chance to go behind-the-scenes at Continental Car Services and get up close to some high end vehicles is just up his alley. First up, he joins auto technician Robert Wengert and is off to the Porsche workshop where the automotive engineering team are on the job servicing cars and fixing faults. Here he meets Thomas, who featured on Just the Job three years ago and is now successfully completing an apprenticeship with support from MITO (Motor Industry Training Organisation).
The workshop is a hive of well organised activity and the team here can take on anything from a straight forward service to a complete engine rebuild. In this career, mechanical knowledge and the ability to utilise computer technology go hand-in-hand ensuring the job gets done. With solid skills and a good work ethic, Scott discovers an automotive engineer will be able to work anywhere in the world.
Find out more about this, and a huge variety of other careers, at