Legal Disputes of the Future

Who owns food? Who pays for this accident? Who owns my face? Who owns the Arctic? Who owns the Pacific Ocean? Who owns the sky? These sound like some ridiculous questions at first glance but let's take a second look at the future through the Great Karnak's trusty crystal ball.

Who owns food?

Let's start with this one, since it has, more or less, already taken place. A small landowner in Nebraska named Bill parks his tractor in the shed after a long day of work in the fields. He wipes sixteen hours worth of sweat off his brow while he opens his mail. All bills. Two men in dark suits approach him at the front door and hand him a subpoena. The farmer opens the subpoena, quite surprised to learn he's being sued by a major US corporation for copyright infringement. It's a huge settlement they're after – in the millions. He does not have one tenth of what they're asking in damages. Since he sits on a tractor most days, he has not gotten the faintest notification how he could have named in a suit for copyright infringement. He's certain they've got a case of mistaken identity and places the document at the bottom of a pile of correspondence, making a mental note to consult his lawyer about what to do with the nuisance suit.

Rest assured, it's no mistake. The large US corporation spent millions in developing a strand of DNA for corn that is resistant to a pesticide they also own. When you buy their corn seeds and use their pesticide for your crops, you'll get excellent results. They copyright the strand of corn DNA they worked to develop. To protect the investment in DNA research they hire over seventy-five corporate lawyers to aggressively violate copyright 'thieves'. They have to establish a legal precedent that attests a lot of publicity; they intend to branch out into other food stuffs, such as eggs that last longer on the shelf, wheat that produces heavier grain, chickens that add weight quickly, beef that responds to their brand of steroids in cattle foods. The list is endless, and it's all going to be done by protecting copyrighted DNA strands.

Bill consults his country lawyer about the suit, explaining that he has stolen nothing in his life from anyone. The lawyer does a bit of researching and discovers he's opposed to the brief by some of the best legal minds in history, paid for by a Dow Jones multinational. He first explains to the multinational that his client does not know how the patented corn seed got into his fields. Possibly the seed cleaning company that strips seeds off Bill's corn for next year's crop has intermingled patented seeds with his. He tries to offer a settlement but this is not what the corporation wants. They want a trial. They wish to establish for the record that they're prepared to sue if anyone grows their corn without paying them for the …

Business of Blacksmithing – How to Determine Your Hourly Shop Rate

How to Price and Charge for Your Work.

Blacksmithing like any craft takes a lot of thought when your price your work. We all struggle with what we think should be a fair price. Often we enjoy the work so much it seems hard to price the work at what it should be priced to make a proper living.

Let’s look at the reality of pricing your work when you work in a specialized, labor intensive craft. The numbers I will use may be a bit different for your country or location, but I am sure you will be able to adjust the numbers to your situation.

In my area minimum wage is about $8.00 an hour. This gives a bare subsistence in quality of living. So what is a reasonable wage for the type of work we do?

Let’s look at the nature of our business first. We use specialized equipment to create precision pieces of metal work. We assemble our creations into complex shapes and functional items.

There is a high degree of skill, and planning involved in many of our projects. We also have to deal with customers and suppliers on a daily basis. Solve problems and quote projects as well do your own accounting and bookkeeping. There are many hats that we have to wear as one person business operators.

The manual skills required in the blacksmithing business as well as the technical knowledge are closely related to the skills of a welder, or auto mechanic, or a machinist. There are some differences in each of these trades but the skill level is about the same.

In my area auto shops and machine shops charge $75.00 to $100.00 an hour. Individual mechanics and welders get paid $25.00 to $35.00 an hour.

So let’s take an average of $30.00 an hour over a 40 hour week. That gives $1200.00 a week times 50 weeks (remember that you should be able to take a two week holiday and this is paid). So 50 weeks gives a total income of $60,000.00. This is considered a good solid income in my country.

You only get paid for the work you sell. The time you spend consulting with your clients you are not paid for. The time spent designing the gate or grill is not paid time. The time spent getting materials and supplies you are not paid for. If you do your own bookkeeping you are not paid for. If some one else takes care of your book keeping then you have to pay them.

There are many areas that you have to spend time on that you do not get directly paid for. Everything is paid for by what you sell so you have to take into account all the time spent other than smithing.

To calculate what your time is worth when you are working on actual blacksmithing you will need to at first keep strict records of how long it takes you to make your items. You …

Negotiate Like a Professional

Negotiating can be done in a professional manner that can increase customer satisfaction while helping to protect both parties’ interests.

Let’s first look at some of the problems that give negotiating a bad name and then look at the solutions. A lack of training in negotiating in the automotive industry has put sales people at a disadvantage. Usually, a sales person is taught how to negotiate in a learn-as-you-go method. Although all learning must be accomplished by doing, some preparation has to be done to make the learning experience more effective. All sales people and managers should go through a course on basic and advanced negotiating. Assuming that sales managers can automatically teach your sales people to negotiate professionally is asking for trouble. How did the managers learn to negotiate?

Sales people should be taught the expected procedures. I like to call these routing procedures. Routing procedures will define everyone’s responsibilities, from the moment a customer is greeted until they are delivered, including the necessary paperwork and who initiates what. Included in the routing procedures are items known as, black and white items. Black and white items are the things that should never vary at your dealership. These items are to be defined by your top management and can include such things as not quoting discounted prices on the lot or never low-balling on price.

Another source of problems in negotiating is the misuse of traditional negotiating techniques. The “higher authority technique” is a technique of always deferring to a higher authority for a decision. The technique is a solid negotiation tactic that has been run into the ground by automotive people. Having your sales people run to the manager more than once or twice in negotiations is a crime. Not giving the sales person any latitude or decision-making capability in negotiations leads to the yo-yo effect that creates mistrust in the sales person and customer.

When is the last time a sales person in your dealership was taught what to do when a customer asks for a lower down payment, lower payment, higher trade values or a reduction of the sales price. Most veteran sales people in dealerships all over the country could not verbally and written give you at least three or four steps to each one of the above objections without having to think or blink. How many objections in negotiation are there? Most objections fall into only a few categories. Have your sales people role played recently on those objections and the potential answer to them? Example: “Mr. Customer, we would be happy to lower your monthly budget $50 a month. Did you want to go 60 months instead of 48, or put $1,500 more cash investment, or look at the car with about $50 a month less in equipment, or look at a lease/Smart Buy program? Which would be best for you?” Whether you like my words or there are some others you prefer is not as important as having a way to handle the …

The Pros and Cons of Secondhand Clothes

Second hand clothes are common among most people. They are especially a favorite among young people due to their low-cost. Many stores specialize purely in second-hand clothes, where people can drop off their clothes. The quality and price of second-hand clothes differs, and it is possible to get them when they are almost as good as new. Many high-end shoppers dispose of their high-end goods after using them for a relatively short time and give them to second-hand dealers, so it is possible to acquire designer goods at very little cost. This article examines the pros and cons of second-hand clothing.

Advantages

Cheap

The biggest advantage of second-hand clothing is that it is cheaper than new clothing. Most second-hand dealers acquire the clothes at little or no cost, and sell them off at a bargain. When you decide to buy second-hand clothing, you will end up saving a lot of money for other uses. They are convenient for parents with small children, because children tend to outgrow their clothes faster than adults do.

Conservational aspect

With respect to environmental conservation, it is better to give off used clothes to second-hand dealers than to dump them in garbage sites. Old clothes are an eyesore when littered around and degrade natural resources. In case the clothes are too worn out, give them out to recycling plants.

Variety

Second hand clothes give you a variety of fashion fads to choose from at a low-cost. You can get access to modern trends from a range of choices with a strained budget. It is possible to acquire a complete set of clothes of relatively high quality.

Disadvantages

Wear and Tear

At the shop, it is possible to overlook some flaws n the clothes before buying. These flaws include running color, loose seams, tears and permanent stains. Often, you end up discovering these flaws after you have bought the item and taken it home.

Skin Diseases

Many people have contracted skin diseases and infections from second-hand clothes. When buying, most people do not clean the clothes thoroughly, and any germs are passed to the new owners. This can be prevented by soaking the clothes in disinfectant before use.

Tiresome

It is exhausting to sort through clothes trying to find the one that is free of flaws. It is also hard to get one size that fits perfectly. However, many have gotten lucky to get good, high quality clothes at throw away prices in second-hand shops. In the end, it makes the whole shopping experience fun especially due to the great items that you can get from a second-hand shop.…

The Importance of Regular Car Maintenance

Like any machine, cars need regular maintenance and care to operate properly. One of the greatest dangers to driver and passenger safety is a poorly maintained vehicle. Vehicles that do not receive regularly scheduled maintenance are unreliable and may malfunction while running, possibly causing an accident. When you decide to purchase or lease a car, make sure you know how often to check all parts and fluids for maintenance needs. Your owner’s manual will have a schedule of recommended maintenance, either by mileage or time.

What’s the Big Deal?

When a car is not properly tuned up, it could experience internal damage that puts the driver at risk. Even small internal damage could turn into a much bigger problem later on. A car has hundreds of parts that must all work together for the vehicle to run smoothly. An issue with one part could cause other parts to fail, leaving you stranded on a drive or causing a severe accident. Additionally, a small problem that may cause major internal damage will be much more expensive to fix later.

When to Have Your Car Checked

The time line for a checkup depends upon the part in question. Generally, it is recommended that you take your car in for a tuneup every 3,000 miles. Your vehicle’s oil should be changed at each of these tuneups, and other fluids such as brake fluid, power steering fluid, and transmission fluid should all be checked for leaks or dirty fluid. Tires should be checked and rotated every 7,000 miles or so to ensure that they do not wear unevenly, which increases your chance of getting a flat or blown out tire. Consult your owner’s manual for other guidelines regarding maintenance.

Many safety concerns will be checked yearly during your state inspection, but serious problems could arise during the year between inspections. Space out your car maintenance throughout the year to increase your chance of catching potentially big problems early and to make it more affordable. Preventative maintenance could save you from a costly car accident and could save you thousands of dollars in the long run.

Shop Liability

When you take your car in for a tuneup or inspection, the mechanics working on your car are responsible for ensuring that car problems are detected and that new equipment is installed properly. If you take your car in to have work done and then have car trouble that causes an accident, the auto shop may be liable for your injuries and damages. Consider contacting a personal injury attorney immediately to determine if you have grounds for initiating a lawsuit for compensation.

For More Information

To learn more about car maintenance concerns and accident liability, please visit the website of Sheboygan car accident lawyers Habush, Habush & Rottier, S.C. today.…