The automotive industry in India is one of the largest automotive markets in the world. It had previously been one of the fastest growing markets globally, but is currently experiencing flat or negative growth rates. India’s passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the sixth largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.9 million units in 2011. According to recent reports, India overtook Brazil to become the sixth largest passenger vehicle producer in the world (beating such old and new auto makers as Belgium, United Kingdom, Italy, Canada, Mexico, Russia, Spain, France, Brazil). Throughout the course of 2011 and 2012, the industry grew 16-18%, selling around three million units. In 2009, India emerged as Asia’s fourth largest exporter of passenger cars, behind Japan, South Korea, and Thailand. In 2010, India beat Thailand to become Asia’s third largest exporter of passenger cars.
Although the Dolomite proved to be both refined and rapid, competitors such as the BMW 2002 had a performance advantage which was costing Triumph dearly, both in terms of sales and prestige. To remedy this, Triumph unveiled the Dolomite Sprint in June 1973. A team of engineers led by Spen King developed a 16-valve cylinder head with all of the valves being actuated using a single camshaft rather than the more normal DOHC arrangement. The capacity was also increased to 1,998 cc (122 cu in), and combined with bigger carburettors the output was upped to 127 bhp (95 kW). This represented a significant increase over the smaller 1850cc variant, however it fell short of the original target of 135 bhp (101 kW).
Despite BL engineers being able to extract a reliable 150 bhp (112 kW) from test engines, the production line was unable to reliably build the engines to the same level of quality, with production outputs being in the region of 125 bhp (93 kW) to 130 bhp (97 kW). This led to the original model designation, the Dolomite 135, being replaced at short notice with the Sprint name.
As a result of this new engine the Dolomite Sprint has a claim to be the world’s first truly mass-produced multi-valve car, and the design of the cylinder head won a British Design Council award in 1974. Performance was excellent, with 0–60 mph taking around 8.4 seconds, with a maximum speed of 119 mph (192 km/h). Trim was similar to the 1850, with the addition of standard alloy wheels (another first for a British production car), a vinyl roof, front spoiler, twin exhausts and lowered suspension. By now seats were in cloth on the 1850, and these were also fitted to the Sprint.
As a result of the increase in power brought by the new engine, the rest of the driveline was upgraded to be able to withstand the extra torque. The gearbox and differential were replaced by a version of those fitted to the TR and 2000 series cars, albeit with a close ratio gearset in the gearbox. The brakes were upgraded, with new pad materials at the front, and the fitment of larger drums and a load sensing valve at the rear. Other changes over the standard Dolomite included the option of a limited slip differential. The optional overdrive and automatic transmission from the 1850 model were also offered as option on the Sprint.
At launch the Sprint was priced at £1740, which compared extremely well to comparable cars from other manufacturers. Prospective buyers would have been hard pressed to justify the extra £1000 cost of the BMW 2002 Tii which offered similar performance. The four door practicality of the Sprint also made it a very attractive proposition for the young executive choosing his first company car. The press gave the Dolomite Sprint an enthusiastic Reception. Motor summarised its road test (subtitled "Britain leads the way") with glowing praise:
…the Sprint must be the answer to many people’s …
When you are looking at a 3 car garage plan for your garage addition or new home, pay close attention to size. Building a properly sized 3 car garage can add value to your home while you live in it, and if you ever sell it. Size does matter, and the difference in cost is minimal.
Why do you need such a big garage?
Here are three very good reasons: Vehicle Storage, Home Storage and Resale Value.
1. Vehicle Storage – If you build or buy a home with a small garage, you will likely fill it so full of stuff that your vehicles will be outside. When you compare the value of your “stuff” with the value of your car, you might ask why your $20,000 sedan is stored outside and that $10 box of garage sale bargains is inside. Even if you don’t care about your cars, the next potential owner may. Protect your investment with a properly sized garage.
2. Home Storage – If you are like many Americans, you may have one or more “mini-storage” units filled to capacity, and you are likely paying from $75 to $150 per month for the privilege. By selecting a properly sized 3 car garage plan and weeding out the junk in your mini-storage unit, you could store the important stuff at home and pocket your monthly storage costs.
3. Resale Value – When you eventually sell your home (everyone does), you immediately enter a competition for buyers. With 10 similar homes on the market, the one with the better location, features and layout will generally sell first. Kitchens usually get top billing, but a properly sized, well-organized garage is also a huge asset.
How big is big enough?
The ideal size for an optimally configured 3 car garage is 24′ X 36′. Why? Most of today’s typical cars are about 16 feet long and a little over six feet wide. Add to that the 30″ minimum distance garage planners recommend beside and between cars, and your 30′ wide triple garage gets pretty narrow with no room for added storage.
Here’s the breakdown:
A 36′ wide garage with two foot wide shelving units on both sides instantly becomes 32′ wide. Park three cars inside at 6’2″ wide each (18’6″ total) and you have 13’6″ left. Add 30″ beside and between all three cars and you have a whopping 3’6″ to spare (not a lot). At 30′ wide, that “spare” room becomes 6″. Remember, too, that you may want room for recreational equipment, an extra refrigerator or freezer, a utility sink or other “toys” that take up space.
At 24 feet deep you have enough room for a 16′ long car with one foot between it and the garage door, a two foot deep garage workbench and five feet of work space. If you own a standard cab, full-sized pickup at nearly 19′ long you’re down to two feet of “wiggle room.” Extended cab? Yikes!
Extra Square Footage is …
A former Toyota Dealerships sales representative clues us in on what it takes to get a job with the car dealer.
Automotive Aftermarket Parts and Car Customization
There are three garages for individualising ones car after purchase. This one specialises in wheels, but also does shock absorbers, suspension lowering, and humungous exhaust mufflers to "Realize" or "Make Dress up Car."
The size of the automotive aftermarket parts market is about the same per capita (about 580 dollars in Japan, 2007 figures, to about 600 dollars per capita in the US) but Japanese cars do fewer miles and are on the road for less time and are of a higher reliability, so presumably a far greater proportion of that market is spent on non-essential, customization of the car.
As another indication of the extent to which Japanese people like to pimp their ride, all of the companies (Mode Parfum (Blow Design), Aimgain, Wald, Junction Produce, Anceltion (RIP)) recommended as offering "Vip Styling kits" in this English language article on how to make your car look like a VIP’s (pimp’s?) car are Japanese companies.
On my way home today I took some photos of phenomena that seem to me to express Japanese individualism. All of them are visual expressions of individualism. All of the Japanese people invovled in their creation would seem, and in language be, humble, mild-mannered, and introverted. Give them a camera, ask them to design a car, manga, or house however and their taste for individuality stands out.
See where this picture was taken. [?]
Tagged: , 日本文化 , Japanese Cultures , nihonbunka , 個人主義 , 集団主義 , individualism , collectivism , 心理学 , geo:lat=34.097824498770294 , geo:lon=131.4078255601196 , geotagged …