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With 350 innovative parts manufacturers, 5 of the world’s top automakers, and 90000 skilled workers producing more than 2 million vehicles annually Ontario IS …

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SUB-ZERO

SUB-ZERO

TopGear 2002 Season 1 (Episode 6): Renault AVANTIME on the Cool Wall: Jeremy Clarkson places the Renault AVANTIME on the very edge of the Sub-Zero section!
TopGear 2008 Season 12 (Episode 3) a used AVANTIME was recognized by the presenters Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May as one of the few cars that they all three liked.
www.flickr.com/photos/halfbyte/3040409681/

This is my 2002 Renault AVANTIME 2.0 16V TURBO ‘NOIR NOCTURNE’ photographed on our driveway.

No other car in the world has these ingenious doors and I’m sure this feature will be one of the most remembered features of this AVANTGARDE LOOKING FUTURE CLASSIC.
Detail ingenious doors: www.autoreview.ru/new_site/year2001/n13/avantime/avant-19…

THE AVANTIME HISTORY RETOLD
Renault suffered from over-capacity at their factories, and rather than letting people off, they wanted to take over the manufacture of the hugely successful Espace. So, they made the agreement with Matra that if Matra was given the task of developing this new high-spec topmodel, Renault could bring the Espace production in-house. Since Renault don’t have the knowhow and expertise to produce cars like Matra do, they had to redesign the Espace, making it the conventional steel car we see marketed as "Espace IV". Matra took on the task and they came up with a series of design-ideas, all based on the "Espace III".

The Geneva motor show in March 1999 saw the unveiling of a new Renault concept car – where it was called a "Coupéspace" – which leads the way in opening up a long forgotten niche – that of a luxurious Grand Tourer Coupé with space for four adults to relax in comfort.
Poster AVANTIME 1999: www.flickr.com/photos/m_and_jiji/6920221965/

In the 1920’s and ’30’s Renault’s main products were luxurious sports models like the 1929 eight-cylinder Reinastella and 1930 Nervastella, driven by Royalty and Europe’s aristocracy. The AVANTIME takes some inspiration from these powerful Grand Tourers, built to cover large distances in great comfort and style, whilst focusing firmly on the future. The AVANTIME, illustrates in a forthright manner Renault’s ability to shape the future of the motor car. The manufacturer is convinced that there is room in the market for a new breed of coupe, targeted at a customer group seeking the visual distinction, rarity and driving enjoyment of a coupe with the luxury of space and comfort found in a large car or monospace, all wrapped up in a vehicle which is technologically advanced and forward looking. Styled by Patrick Le Quément, the AVANTIME was intended to combine the space of an MPV with four-place pillarless qualities of a coupé. Regarding the styling, Thierry Metroz, design project manager, said, "We wanted someone walking around the car to be continually astonished."

You sit high up, with glass all around you. The AVANTIME has no B-pillars – one thing that certainly delayed the project was getting the pillar-less design safety-approved – which adds a roadster feel to it, with windows down.
It was named the AVANTIME, which is not pronounced fully in French, but a combination ‘AVANT’ as in …

Hydraulic Jack – An Important Instrument in The Construction Industry & Workshops

Have you ever gone to a service station? The Cars are usually loaded onto a platform which rises gradually. This platform uses the same tool called The Hydraulic Jack. This device or a mechanical instrument is used to raise heavy objects manually with the need of human effort. The most common ones are the mechanical jacks. However there are few others like floor jacks and bottle jacks which are often used. All of them employ the same basic phenomenon but they differ in their shape.

A hydraulic jack uses a fluid, which is incompressible and is constrained into a cylinder by a pump piston. Oil is utilised, as the plunger backs away, it guides oil out of the source by a suction valve in side the pump chamber. When the piston displaces ahead, it drives the oil through a discharge check valve into the piston chamber. The suction valve ball is within the chamber and cleals with each pass of the plunger. The dispatch valve ball is out of the chamber and opens when the oil is forced into the cylinder. Now the suction ball inside the chamber is closed and pressure of the oil increases in the piston chamber.

The Jacks are usually used to lift heavy objects. They can use different methods like the car jack uses the lead screw to lift the heavy car. The Acme threads withstand heavy weighed cars. Likewise, the Hydraulic jack is also used to lift heavy objects by a manual force. Pascal’s principle is used here, which states that the pressure in a closed container is same at all points. A force divided by area using this equation defines the pressure. Hydraulic jack is built with two cylinders, one big while the other small. One application of a small force can lift heavier objects placed on the bigger cylinder; both these cylinders are filled with oil.

Hydraulic jacks are distributed to different types with a difference in construction. There are Floor Jacks in which the horizontal piston presses on the short end of a bell crank, with the long arm providing the vertical motion to an elevating pad, kept level with a horizontal linkage. Floor jacks usually include castors, which allow compensation for the curve adopted by the lifting pad. This mechanism allows for a low profile when collapsed, for comfortable operation beneath the vehicle, while providing extensive elongation.

In Bottle Jacks the piston is upright and directly holds a bearing pad that holds the object being hoisted. With a single action piston the elevation is slightly less than twice the folded height of the jack, making it appropriate only for cars with a comparatively high clearance. For elevating structures like houses the hydraulic interconnection of multiple perpendicular jacks through valves enables the level distribution of forces while sanctioning close control of the lift.

The Hydraulic jack is quite an important instrument in construction industry and workshops because it decreases a lot of work for the mechanics and laborers, and they have …

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